March 3, 2016

Eruption Mt. St. Helens


Eruption volcano Mt. St. HelensOn May 18, 1980, a major volcanic eruption occurred at Mount St. Helens, a volcano located in the state of Washington, United States. The eruption (a VEI 5 event) was the only significant one to occur in the contiguous 48 U.S. states since the 1915 eruption of Lassen Peak in California. The eruption was preceded by a two-month series of earthquakes and steam-venting episodes, caused by an injection of magma at shallow depth below the volcano that created a huge bulge and a fracture system on the mountain's north slope.

An earthquake at 8:32:17 a.m. PDT (UTC−7) on Sunday, May 18, 1980, caused the entire weakened north face to slide away, creating the largest landslide ever recorded. This suddenly exposed the partly molten, gas- and steam-rich rock in the volcano to lower pressures. The rock responded by exploding a hot mix of lava and pulverized older rock toward Spirit Lake so fast that it overtook the avalanching north face.

An eruption column rose 80,000 feet (24 km; 15 mi) into the atmosphere and deposited ash in 11 U.S. states. At the same time, snow, ice and several entire glaciers on the volcano melted, forming a series of large lahars (volcanic mudslides) that reached as far as the Columbia River, nearly 50 miles (80 km) to the southwest. Less severe outbursts continued into the next day, only to be followed by other large, but not as destructive, eruptions later that year.

Approximately fifty-seven people were killed directly, including innkeeper Harry R. Truman, photographer Reid Blackburn and geologist David A. Johnston. Hundreds of square miles were reduced to wasteland, causing over a billion U.S. dollars in damage ($2.89 billion in 2015 dollars), thousands of game animals were killed, and Mount St. Helens was left with a crater on its north side. At the time of the eruption, the summit of the volcano was owned by the Burlington Northern Railroad, but afterward the land passed to the United States Forest Service.The area was later preserved, as it was, in the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic  Monument.



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Eruption Mt. St. Helens


Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
Eruption Mt. St. Helens

Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
Mount St. Helens eruption you've never seen | BGR

Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
 Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980


Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
Eruption Mt. St. Helens


Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
Eruption of Mt. St. Helens from Portland, Oregon  © David Luman

Eruption volcano Mt. St. Helens
View of Mt. St. Helens from Mt. Margaret, July 27 1980 Devastation
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